patients, patience

The words patients, patience sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do patients, patience sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: patients, patience are homophones of the English language.

patience
  1. :: noun

    The capacity, quality, or fact of being patient.

  2. :: noun

    Chiefly British The game solitaire.

  3. :: noun

    The capacity, quality, or fact of being patient.

  4. :: noun

    Chiefly British The game solitaire.

patients
  1. :: noun

    Plural form of patient.

  2. :: noun

    Plural form of patient.

Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").