gored, gourd

The words gored, gourd sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do gored, gourd sound the same even though they are completely different words?

The answer is simple: gored, gourd are homophones of the English language.

  1. :: verb

    Simple past tense and past participle of gore.

  2. :: adjective

    Having a gore or gores.

  1. :: noun

    Any of several trailing or climbing plants related to the pumpkin, squash, and cucumber and bearing fruits with a hard rind.

  2. :: noun

    The fruit of such a plant, often of irregular and unusual shape.

  3. :: noun

    The dried and hollowed-out shell of one of these fruits, often used as a drinking utensil.

  4. :: idiom

    off Slang Very foolish; crazy.

Definitions from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition and Wordnik.

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About Homophones

Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.

If they are spelled the same then they are also homographs (and homonyms); if they are spelled differently then they are also heterographs (literally "different writing").