The words coward, cowered sound the same but have different meanings and spellings. Why do coward, cowered sound the same even though they are completely different words?
The answer is simple: coward, cowered are homophones of the English language.
One who shows ignoble fear in the face of danger or pain.
Simple past tense and past participle of cower.
Definitions from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition, from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License and Wordnik.
Homophones (literally "same sound") are usually defined as words that share the same pronunciation, regardless of how they are spelled.